I would like to do more of complete portfolio update, as I realise that my past updates were abrupt and messy. Actual statements were shown, without much background and explanation. This should be a good update to be more understandable to both new and savvy investors.

I’m actually not fully comfortable with showing my complete portfolio and net-worth, and I would never do it in my real life. However, I think its good that I share on bonds and leveraging, which are topics fairly unique in the Singapore blog universe. Its also a good exercise for me to think through the risk and return of my overall portfolio.

Leveraged Portfolio

I own 4 different bonds and an income fund :

NameBought priceCurrent PriceMarket Value
Temasek 3.625%102.2116.72USD $290,000
Commerzbank 7% perpetual106.8592.11USD $184,000
Credit Suisse 5.625% perpetual103.2598.02SGD $245,000
HSBC 5% perpetual104.495.43SGD $237,500
Pimco Income Fund 4% 10.089.52SGD $209,000
Correct as of 22 May 2020

The total market value of these is about SGD $1.36m. Assuming the full 70% Loan-to-Value (LTV), my real asset value is $410,000, with financing of $955,000. My average lending rate from my bank and brokerage is around 2.5%, with the leveraged yield at 9%-10%. This includes the amount I need to pay back when the bond is called, as I bought them above par value. The par value of bonds when they are issued is always 100, and 100 is also the price that the issuer pays when the bond is called (issuer pays off the debt). Bonds are typically issued at $250,000 each.

With the exception of the Temasek and Pimco assets, the rest are a class of securities called Additional Tier-1 (AT1) bonds. This is the riskiest debt issued by banks. When the bank’s reserves fall below a certain number, these bonds can be wiped out or converted to equity. This risk is compensated with higher coupons of 5% and more. These are considered medium risk bonds. I balance this out with Temasek and Pimco, as these should be considered low risk.

I would not recommend this kind of portfolio to the average person. Besides needing a high amount to invest, you must have significant reserves to avoid margin calls, and I had some very anxious times. Most people can only afford to hold just a few bonds, and that means a high concentration risk. That said, it is very rare that big swings happen to bonds, and I hope I have seen the last one in my lifetime. When I’m older, I would stuff it all into CPF LIFE, earn the guaranteed 4% yield and sleep soundly at night. But that is still some time away.

Some may also be concerned over my $955,000 leverage, and I can understand that. For me personally, I reason that most people at my age or with my assets don’t blink at buying a second property, and they take on a million dollar or more mortgage loan. Why should borrowing money to buy bonds be viewed any differently? In fact, bonds can be the better investment as its highly liquid and there are no taxes involved. I can sell it today and get the money by the end of the week. No ABSD, no stamp duty, and no property agent fees. I also don’t need to deal with tenants, repairs, or a ton of paperwork. The annual return for bonds is also higher at 9%-10%, vs rental yields of 2%-4%. The downside is that bonds don’t enjoy the same capital appreciation of property, but I think property appreciation is going to be much less in the years going forward anyway.

It makes total sense for me to borrow at 2.5% in order to directly earn a fixed coupon of 5% or more. It almost feels like free money, and it is admittedly addictive. I have resisted borrowing too much as it might just explode in my face. I also built a large buffer of 186% with stocks and cash, meaning all my assets need to fall around 30% before I get margin called. That isn’t likely, and I think I can manage. I can even top it off again with over $150,000 of stocks and cash.

Margin Valuation Report May 2020

Stock Portfolio

Stock holdings in the margin account
Stock holdings in cash trading account

My stock holdings are pretty straightforward. Total holdings of USD $222,000 or SGD $ 315,000. I’m bullish on US equities and the USD. I want to increase these as I think with low interest rates, stocks will do better than fixed income. So I channel all my bond coupons back into stocks.

I’m not likely to sell anything anymore. I’ll cash in when my kids goes to university and to top-up my CPF retirement sum. Hence, I realise I don’t really care whether it goes up or down. It doesn’t matter as my sell date is like 20 years later. So I don’t feel ecstatic when it goes up or panicked when it goes down.

I’m also considering buying more S&P 500 ETF, despite what I mentioned earlier about not buying index funds. It still is a great anchor and far less volatile than tech stocks. Bets like Amazon and Nvidia can turn out badly, but the S&P 500 ETF won’t go too wrong.


I have about USD $80,000 and SGD $20,000. This is probably a higher cash amount than what I need, and I’m looking for opportunities to deploy.


I’m not super keen to put up my net-worth as it seems showy. But I really earned it in the worst way possible, and most people wouldn’t want to go through the same process. I have also realised that net-worth doesn’t mean all that much to me as it doesn’t change my habits or how I spend. Living below your means and always having more income than expenses are much more important than net-worth. But anyhoo, net-worth is what most people are keen to know.

Total net-worth = $410,000 bonds + $315,000 stocks + $130,000 cash = $855,000

17 thoughts on “Portfolio Update May 2020 and my $1.4 mil leveraged portfolio

    1. Hi I go through my bank and brokerage and they will put up the application for me. They will extend the credit when I make a purchase

  1. is 2.5% the market lending rate?
    so, buying bonds with >2.5% will provide a nett yield of ( X – 2.5%)
    if i an conservative, what type of bonds should i be looking at?

    whats the worst case scenario? i lose everything?

    1. Yeah 2.5% should be around the market rate. If the bond coupon is less than 2.5%, it doesn’t make sense to leverage that bond.

      If you are conservative, you can look at investment-grade corporate bonds. I think there are still decent yields at around 4% for fairly safe bonds. This can go up to at least 6%, depending on how much you leverage

      Worst case scenario is that you lose everything plus the bank’s loan to you, which can be 2-3 times your initial capital. But bond defaults outside of the junk bond space is rare la

  2. Bro,

    those bonds are SGD250K a tranche. Impressive.

    Sorry I didnt understand the first part. Your leverage is based off cash holdings and u bought those bonds ? 2.5x ? Able to share more details?


    Lionel Siau

    1. Thanks bro. Leverage is provided from the bank or brokerage. You would need to put up about 30%, and they will provide the other 70%. So typically need about $80,000 to start. The RM will arrange everything, you just need to create an account with them. They will also provide you a list of possible bonds based on your risk profile.

    1. By right NRAs would pay 40% estate tax… very steep. But I believe it’s not enforced and few people actually pay it

  3. Portfolio financing may be an alternative too. Biggest difference is that you can move the funds from the financing out of the bank rather than only invest via the bank that is providing the financing as each bank is handicapped by the limited choice from only the insurance company and fund house that they are working with.

    Funds can be used to offset other loans that has a higher interest rates…

  4. What kind of loan do u take to leverage? I’m
    a noob in finance but googling shows that I can only use credit card balance transfer ? How to qualify for the type of loan u have? I would love to borrow ya 2++ % to invest

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